Contact Finland

Country Facts

Official Name: Republic of Finland

Form of State: Parliamentary Republic

People

Population: 5.45 million, 18 inhabitants per km. Life expectancy: Men 77.8 years, women 83.8 years

Languages: Official languages are Finnish (spoken by 89.3%) and Swedish (5.34%). Sami is the mother tongue of about 1 800 people, members of the indigenous Sami people of northern Lapland

Religion: Christianity; 75.3 % Lutheran and about 1.1% Orthodox. In practice society is fairly secularized.

State & Government

Legal system: based on the Constitution of 1919, updated in 2000

Form of government: Republic, parliamentary democracy

Parliament: 200 members in one chamber, elected every 4 years in a direct vote (next elections in 2015)

Cabinet: Multiparty coalition cabinet

Head of State: Multiparty coalition cabinet. Head of State: The head of state is the President of the Republic. President is elected for a six-year term by direct popular vote. Last elections were held in February 2012, and the current President is Mr. Sauli Niinisto.

National Legislature: Finland has a unicameral parliament with 200 members, each elected for a four year term by direct popular vote under a system of proportional representation. The President of the Republic has the power to dissolve the Parliament.

Finland in the International Community: Among others, Finland is currently a member of EU, UN, OECD and WTO

Society & Economy

Key features: High standard of education, social security and healthcare, all financed by the state

Main exports: Electrotechnical goods, metal products, machinery, transport equipment, wood and paper products, chemicals

Main imports: Raw materials, investment goods, energy, consumer goods

Currency unit: Euro

Geography

Total area: The fifth-largest country in Western Europe

Greatest length from north to south: 1,160 km (720 miles)

Greatest width from east to west: 540 km (335 miles)

Capital: Helsinki (622 000 inhabitants in Helsinki, 1.1 million inhabitants in metropolitan area) Biggest cities: Helsinki, Espoo, Tampere, Vantaa, Oulu, Turku.

Neighboring countries: Sweden, Norway, Russia, Estonia

Climate: The climate of Finland is marked by distinctive seasonal variations. Winter season is cold and summers are relatively warm. In the summer season the temperature often rises to +20 Celsius, but can rise as high as +30 Celsius in southern Finland. In winter the temperature can drop to –25 Celsius. The mean temperature in Helsinki in July is +17 Celsius and in February –5.7 Celsius. Temperatures in northern Finland are colder.

Society & Economy: Key features: High standard of education, social security and healthcare, all financed By the state.

Main exports: Electrotechnical goods, metal products, machinery, transport equipment, wood and paper products, chemicals
Main imports: Raw materials, investment goods, energy, consumer goods
Currency unit: Euro